His personal qualifications as a religious leader were everything but saintly as his first two marriages were disastrous, his second wife, Sara North Hubbard, sued him for divorce on April 23, 1951 in Los Angeles County Superior Court. This was a bigamous marriage for Mr. Hubbard as he pretended to be a bachelor to Miss Northrup, yet he had not divorced his first wife, Margaret Grubb Hubbard. His first marriage was not legally dissolved until over one year after his second marriage. His second wife’s 1951 divorce allegations contained more than bigamy charges. She claimed sleep deprivation, beatings, strangulations, kidnapping of their child, fleeing to Cuba, and Ron counseling her to commit suicide.

Sara Northrup had first met Hubbard through a Pasadena-based occult group led by Jack Parsons, a disciple of the late Alister Crowley, whose alias was, “The Beast-666.” Crowley was a leading Satanist, sorcerer, and black magician. He founded the Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO), which promoted sexual Magic. Northrup was Parsons girlfriend when they both met L. Ron Hubbard. As Parson’s partner, she represented the Babylonian Woman in Revelation chapter 17. Before she could fulfill Parson’s plan, Hubbard swept her away in an out-of-state bigamous marriage. (Representing himself as a bachelor the entire time). In Parson’s letters, he blamed Hubbard for taking her from him.

 

Hubbard’s third marriage to Mary Sue Whipp lasted the rest of his lifetime. She captivated worldwide attention in 1977 as the mastermind behind a sinister covert operation against various levels of the United States government that could rival a spy novel. Hubbard was living in California at the time, but his impenetrable shield prevented direct connection with the illegal activities.

 

Hubbard spent his final years in seclusion from the public eye. According to a copy of his death certificate, he succumbed to a cerebral vascular accident (CVA/Stroke) on January 24, 1986. In their refusal to believe that such a great “science of the mind” master could die a horrific death, the word “dead” or “died” was never used at his eulogy. Scientologists announced that L. Ron Hubbard decisively “discarded the body” to move on to the next level of research, outside his body. How this new research would become available to planet earth is left unsaid.

 

-The Dianetics Movement:

As an accomplished science fiction writer, Hubbard had no difficulty coining new terms. This talent became the bedrock for new terminology in Dianetics and Scientology. It is interesting, however, that the word Scientology was originally used in 1934 by German social psychologist, Dr. A. Nordenholz. A French physiologist, Richard Semon, coined the term “engram” in 1904. Engram is one of the commonly used words in Dianetics and Scientology.

 

Dianetics means “through thought” or “through the soul.” Hubbard promoted Dianetics by publishing three lengthy excerpts of his theory in the periodical Astounding Science Fiction, May 1950, October 1950, and January 1951. According to Publisher’s Weekly, Dianetics sold 55,000 copies in the first two months and more than 750 Dianetics groups started nationwide. They advertised its readership a year later as 150,000 people with 2.5 million followers. Dianetics swept college campuses and blazed through middle-class America with a faddish appeal that evolved into a cultic structure.

 

The glowing benefits of Dianetics seemed virtually unlimited as Hubbard promoted his new “science of the mind.” Mankind, according to Hubbard, is basically good. The basic instinct for all people, he said, is survival. Man’s environmental conditions and painful experiences result in failure. So if a man changes his circumstances and eliminates pain, then his condition improves. Two important factors for man’s survival, then, are avoiding pain and gaining pleasure.

 

He says that the mind is divided into three main categories: the analytical mind, the reactive mind, and the somatic mind. The reactive mind holds mental picture images of past experiences called “engrams,” which are apparently the “single source of aberrations and psychosomatic ills.”

 

The problem of humanity is that the reactive mind frequently interrupts the analytical mind. The analytical mind, which essentially “is the person,” could flawlessly run a person’s life (being a perfect computer) except for the interference from the reactive mind. It’s during some supposed “unconscious moments” that the reactive mind takes in a detailed “recording” from the sensory organs. This recording in not a “memory” but an image, like a motion picture, called an “engram.” Everything said, seen, touched, or sensed is recorded by the reactive mind as an “engram.” The reactive mind stores this engram, which works to stimulate the person to react to the stimulus.

 

The solution to the reactive mind interrupting the analytical mind is to rid the reactive mind of all engrams. Once this is accomplished, the person is called “clear.” The clear person has no reaction to the same situation because no engram stimulates it. The goal of Dianetics is to clear the individual of all engrams of his past. At first, Dianetics only dealt with engrams in this lifetime. After more probing, Scientologists claim that they carry engrams from past lives (reincarnation) that also need to be “cleared.”

 

The “clear” person is on the evolutionary journey to the next stage of man, a godlike being called “homo novis.” The application of Hubbard’s hypothesis is to vanquish the engrams through “Dianetic Therapy.” This is accomplished by an “auditor” who “audits” the engram through a form of counseling. After Dianetics was published, Hubbard introduced an electronic galvometer, the E-meter, to help in auditing. The “pre-clear” person holds two tin cans connected by wires to the E-meter, while the auditor sits opposite him watching the needle on the E-meter.

As the auditor gives commands to the pre-clear, the needles fluctuation determines if they have detected a possible engram. By tracking the engram through questioning the pre-clear, they can then erase the engram. Scientology claims that it may take years of auditing for a person to become finally “clear.”

 

The American Psychological Association initiated the “first concerted action against” Dianetics at their September 1950 meeting. A resolution, adopted unanimously by the organization’s eight thousand members, said that Hubbard’s claims for Dianetics “are NOT supported by empirical evidence of the sort required for the establishment of scientific generalizations.”

 

One other problem seemed to face Hubbard was that no “clear” person could ever be found. That was until February of 1966, when John McMaster was called the world’s first clear. On August 10, 1950, Hubbard rented the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. An estimated crowd of 4,000 came to see the world’s first clear, at that time Miss Sonya Bianca, a physics student from Boston. Hubbard announced that she had perfect recall and could remember every moment of her life. When members of the audience questioned her, she could not remember basic physics formulas or the color of Hubbard’s necktie, which she had seen just moments before.

 

People began leaving the auditorium as they threw more taunting questions at Bianca. Hubbard quickly explained that he had accidentally placed her in the “now” by calling her to “come out now.” Therefore, Hubbard reasoned, she could only remember the present “now” and nothing past. No reporters seemed convinced of his explanation, and on that note the Bianca debacle ended!

 

-The Church of Scientology:

The first nonprofit organization Hubbard set up was the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation. By November 1950 they had developed three courses in Dianetics. In 1954 the Church of Scientology, Hubbard says, is “knowing about knowing, or science of knowledge.”

 

The Church of Scientology uses a cross similar to the historical cross of Christianity, with the exception that is has four short sunburst points protruding from the center. Ministers of Scientology often dress in black clergy garments and white collar with a three inch cross hanging from the neck. Since they also use the title “Reverend,” they could easily be mistaken for Christian ministers, but their theology tells us a very different story.

 

Hubbard’s “discovery” of the “Thetan” contributed to the religious nature of Scientology. They liken the “Thetan” to man’s spirit. In Scientology, the Thetan is a timeless entity, which reincarnates in interplanetary life forms. Once reaching earth as a man, its goal is freedom from the cycle of birth and rebirth, which is where Scientology enters the scheme.

Most people who join the church do so after reading “Dianetics.” They follow this with advanced levels and the hope of obtaining a “clear” in one’s lifetime. Additional courses are offered for survival through the eight dynamics of life: which are self, sex, group, mankind, other life forms, MEST, spirits, and a Supreme Being. MEST stands for matter, energy, space and time. Everything but the Thetan is MEST.

 

Scientology’s celebrity center caters to renowned figures often using their endorsements for programs. Those lending their notoriety to Scientology programs include actresses Karen Black, Priscilla Presley and Kirstie Alley; singer Lou Rawls and Isaac Hayes; actors John Travolta, and Tom Cruise; and jazz musicians Chick Corea and Stanley Clarke.

 

Much of Scientology’s literature never mentions God, Jesus Christ, or the Holy Spirit. All of L. Ron Hubbard’s Scientology writings are considered “scripture” by the “church.” They described their “Holy Book” in their California Articles of Incorporation as “a collection of works of and about the Great Teachers, including the works of St. Luke.” Strangely, references to Luke’s gospel in Scientology writings are virtually non-existent.

 

Truth for the individual in Scientology is often subjective and existential. To quote Hubbard, “Know thyself….and the truth shall set you free.” In contrast, Jesus said, “If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; and ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.” (John 8:31-32) Jesus gave an objective standard for the truth, Himself and the Word of God. Never is man called “truth” in the Bible, nor is man’s inner self.

 

Scientology describes deity in three ways: Supreme Being, God and gods. Members are free to choose their concept of God. In the Scientology Catechism it states that Scientologists have no dogma and each person’s concept of God may be different.

 

Hubbard also taught a Darwinian form of evolution for man. Scientologists prefer to use the term rebirth instead of reincarnation, although the term reincarnation is found in their writings. Hubbard emphasized that salvation is to be free from the endless cycle of birth and rebirth. The way to salvation is to erase engrams through auditing. Reincarnation of course is answered in Hebrews 9:27, “And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment.”