Missionaries to Germany

Pray for:

  The BYERS Family
  The byers

About Germany*   

Map of Germany
  • Background:

    As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key Western economic and security organizations, the EC, which became the EU, and NATO, while the Communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German unification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring Eastern productivity and wages up to Western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro.

  • Location:

    Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark.

  • Natural Resources:

    coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land

  • Natural Hazards:

    flooding

  • Area - comparative:

    slightly smaller than Montana.

  • Government Type & Capital:

    federal republic — Berlin

  • Independence:

    18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and later, France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; West Germany and East Germany unified 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991

  • Population:

    82,329,758 (July 2009 est.)

  • Ethnic groups:

    German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)

  • Religions:

    Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%

  • Disputes - International:

    none


* Based on CIA-The World Factbook